Advanced Link 16 Training

Advanced Link 16 Training

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Advanced Link 16 Training Course with hands-on Labs

Advanced Link 16 Training covers advanced Link 16 concepts, Link 16 network architecture, Link 16 planning, Link 16 security, Link 16 Cybersecurity Link 16 operation and Link 16 management.

Link-16 has many advantages over other existing tactical data links such as Link 11. The network in Link 16 is “nodeless” which means that the Link 16 network does not depend on any one of the terminals with a distributed operation. Link 16 terminals can support many levels of system and network management such as: monitoring of link or the equipment status by an external processor. MIL-STD-1553, X.25, or Ethernet hardware and software is used for host traffic interchange. Terminals can offer a direct voice I/O at 16-kbps CVSD and 2.4-kbps LPC-10 voice coding.

Operational activation of Link-16 network has multiple steps such as overall coordination planning by joint planners with overall coordination plan, designation of net time reference(s), interoperability roles, and crypto allocations. An individual Net planner can prepare mission files such as initialization data, coordination nets, and continuity of operation roles. In Link 16 cryptographic keys play a key role in network and information security. These keys are distributed via electronic or electromechanical fill devices and normally might have to be loaded before or during deployment. Host system user might enter local and mission identification codes.

Local terminals have to achieve Coarse Synchronization by reading its internal chronometer and by listening for the Initial Entry Message within five minutes. This might lead to the establishment of Coarse Sync where the terminal can receive messages, and can begin the Fine Synchronization process. Round Trip Timing messages with his “best neighbor” are exchanged which typically concludes within one to two minutes. Full-scale network operations can start when the local terminals achieves Fine Synch state.

Duration: 3 days

Advanced Link 16 Training

Advanced Link 16 TrainingRelated Courses

Customize It:

» If you are familiar with some aspects of Advanced Link 16 Training, we can omit or shorten their discussion.

» We can adjust the emphasis placed on the various topics or build the Advanced Link 16 Training course around the mix of technologies of interest to you (including technologies other than those included in this outline).

» If your background is nontechnical, we can exclude the more technical topics, include the topics that may be of special interest to you (e.g., as a manager or policy-maker), and present the Advanced Link 16 Training course in manner understandable to lay audiences.

Audience / Target Group:

The target audience for this Advanced Link 16 Training course:

• Operators
• Engineers
• Technical Staff
• Academics


Upon completing this Advanced Link 16 Training course, learners will be able to meet these objectives:

• Identify the motivating factors behind Link 16
• Define the key features of Link 16
• Identify challenges in Link 16 planning, operation and management and to address them
• Sketch the Link 16 network architecture
• List the functional requirements, operational requirements, security and performance targets for Link 16
• Specify Link 16 radio operations and protocols
• Summarize the Link 16 system acquisition and session setup procedures
• Describe Link 16 synchronization operation and use of signals
• Explain advanced Link 16 planning, management and operational aspects
• Describe the key operational scenarios for Link 16 deployment

Advanced Link 16 Training – Course Syllabus:

Overview of Link 16

What is JTIDS / MIDS?
JTIDS / MIDS Architecture
Principles behind Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) and Timeslot in Link 16
Time Slots Recurrence Rate
Time Slot Allocation and Structure
Time Slot Components
Frequencies & Waveform
Message Packing
Link 16 Access Modes
Link 16 Networks
Link 16 Network Structures
Principles behind Nets and Networks
Network Participation Groups (NPGs)
Link 16 Terminal Waveform Generation
Link 16 Message Packing and Pulses
Principles of Link 16 Network Time
Network Roles
Time Slot Duty Factor
Link 16 Terminals
Terminal Synchronization
J-Series Messages

Link 16 Signal Processing

Security and encryption
Secure Data Unit
Communications modes
Reed-Solomon Encoding and Decoding
Error correction
Cyclic Code Shift Keying (CCSK)
Continuous Phase Shift Modulation
Principles behind MSK

Advanced Link 16 Network Planning and Management

TDL management and operation
NATO TDL management and operation
Link 16 network planning
Participation group communities
Link 16 network design
Link 16 network management
Link 16 system integration
Link 16 operations
Link 16 frequency operations and management

Link 16 Network Design and Capacity Calculation

Link 16 network design principles
Link 16 capacity models and calculation
Link 16 Multi-Net
Track and NPG capacity modeling and calculations
Time Slot (TS) block assignment
Initial planning process
Pre-mission planning
Link 16 architecture planning
Link 16 network roles and responsibilities
Link 16 configuration
Link 16 cryptonet management
Link 16 segment
Link 16 network management

Link 16 System Lifecycle Planning and Management

The TDL lifecycle
Successful robust TDL network
TDL optimization and interoperability
Integration between participating platforms
successful integration at both physical and data levels
Battlespace Management process
Long Range Planning
Data Link Operations Center (DLOC)
Understanding different types of platforms
Estimating ranges
Other national and international agreements
Primary link
Multi Link architecture
Link 11 and Link 16
Short Range Planning
OPTASK link (OTL) messages
JTIDS Forecast Report (JFAR)
Mission planning
Configuration of MIDS Terminals sites
Allocations of Link 16 STN, ID Set and time on/off task
Link 16 design
Link 16 network initialization
Link 16 Network Management System (NMS)
Network Time Reference (NTR)
Synchronizing with an External Network Time Reference
Time quality
Active and passive Synchronization
External Time Reference Network (ETRN)
System Time Reference Network (STRN)
Monitoring and managing network
Compliance monitoring
Link 16 network health
Issues joining a network
Relay status
Radiation restrictions
Frequency management
Identifying problems
Network troubleshooting
Radio relay control
Control messages

Joint Range Extension Applications Protocol (JREAP)

Introduction to Joint Range Extension Applications Protocol
MIL-STD 3011 Appendix-A, Appendix-B and Appendix-C
Management messages
Operator Text, Echo, Round Trip Timing, Common Time Reference, Remote Filter, Latency, Special Event, and Secondary Track Number
Gateways implementing MIL-STD 3011 Appendix A, B and
JREAP Gateway Managers
JREAP Planning
JREAP Common Messages
JREAP Application Block
J-Series Messages applied to JREAP
JREAP Free-Text
JREAP Management Messages

Link 16 System Engineering Guidelines

Link 16 System ConOps
Link 16 System requirements
Creating Link 16 system spec
Link 16 system analysis and design
Link 16 system implementation
Link 16 system verification and validation procedures
Link 16 system integration
Bottom up vs. Top down integration principles
Link 16 system integration requirements
J-Series Message and Non J-Series messages
TONEX Link 16 System Engineering Templates and Tools

Advanced Link 16 Network Planning, Design Network Management

Situational Awareness (SA)
C2 to C2 Battle Management
C2 to Fighter mission assignments
Fighter to Fighter information exchange
ISR operations
Voice communications
Frequency clearance agreements
Time slot duty factor
Interference protection
Restrictions scenarios
Time slot map creation
Case studies
Hands on planning and modeling exercises

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