This Global Communications Training Part II course builds off the knowledge gained by the student in the pre-requisite course: Global Communications I. The course begins with a review of the communications concepts, technologies, standards and applications learned in Global Communications I.
It then proceeds to dive deeper into these technologies to achieve a better understanding of important communication protocols and standards and their applications. The key focus of this Global Communications Training Part II course is on the routing of data packets through the global Internet. This is where large scale global communications technologies are explored, such as Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS), Carrier Ethernet.
The Global Communications Training Part II course also covers different broadband communication technologies, used to access the Internet backbone. It concludes with an overview of Global Navigation Satellite Systems and Interrelated Systems (GNSS+), used for Location-based Services (LBS).
Duration: 2 days
- We can adapt this Global Communications Training Part II course to your group’s background and work requirements at little to no added cost.
- If you are familiar with some aspects of this Global Communications Training Part II course, we can omit or shorten their discussion.
- We can adjust the emphasis placed on the various topics or build the Global Communications Training Part II around the mix of technologies of interest to you (including technologies other than those included in this outline).
- If your background is nontechnical, we can exclude the more technical topics, include the topics that may be of special interest to you (e.g., as a manager or policy-maker), and present the Global Communications Training Part II course in manner understandable to lay audiences.
Global Communications Training Part II – Audience / Target Group:
The target audience for this Global Communications Training Part II course is defined here:
- Technical and management personnel, researchers, hardware and software designers, defense and homeland security experts, public safety and law enforcement, spectrum regulators, whose job requires an understanding of the evolving 5G technology and applications.
Global Communications Training Part II – Class Prerequisites:
It is assumed that participants attending this Global Communications Training Part II course:
- Have attended the course Global Communications I or have the equivalent knowledge and experience from that course.
- Have some experience with the Internet Protocols and using a packet trace tool. Note that these topics and tool are introduced in Global Comm I.
Global Communications Training Part II – Objectives:
Upon completion of this Global Communications Training Part II course, the student will be able to:
- Extend mastery of the concepts from Global Communications I.
- Understand the differences between public and private IP networks
- Understand the global applications for packet-switched (IP) networks.
- Discover why Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) provides additional service capabilities for IP networks using Wireshark (protocol analysis)
- Discover how advanced Ethernet and bridging standards apply to Carrier Ethernet using Wireshark.
- Compare the Ethernet II protocol with Carrier Ethernet Standards and understand how differences between them.
- Distinguish between satellite orbits and how they are applied to communications and navigation satellites.
- Describe the capabilities and applications of various satellite constellations.
- Describe the various broadband technologies used to enable digital networking.
- Define Position Navigation & Timing (PNT), the principles behind Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS).
- Understand how geolocation is determined using GNSS.
- Define the four GNSS that are operated by the U.S., the European Union, Russia, and China.
Global Communications Training Part II – Course Syllabus:
PACKET NETWORKS: PRIVATE VS. THE GLOBAL INTERNET
- Legacy Global Network Architecture: Wide Area Network (WAN) Connections
- Interconnecting Multiple Networks Using WAN Connections
- Overseers of the Internet: Making in Work on a Global Scale
- Routing Protocols
- Autonomous Systems and Numbers
- Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) Overview
- Types of Virtual Private Networks (VPNs)
- Types of Virtual Private Networks (VPNs)
- IPSec Protocol: Virtual Private Network (VPN) Connections
- Quality of Service (QoS)
- Differentiated Services (DiffServ) Code Point and Explicit Congestion Notification (IP ECN)
- Software Defined – Wide Area Networks (SD-WANs)
- The Internet: Global Communication without Borders
- Peering Arrangements Between ISPs
- Internet Exchange Points (IXPs): Core Internet Connections
INTRODUCTION TO MULTI-PROTOCOL LABEL SWITCHING (MPLS)
- Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) Overview
- Defining an MPLS Network
- MPLS Label Field Descriptions
- MPLS Operation: Using the Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)
- Discovery of Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) Neighbors
- Details of LDP Hello Packet
- Exchanging Labels Using LDP
- MPLS LSP: Route at Network’s Edge, Switch in the Core
- Label Switch Router (LSR) Architecture
- Primary Uses for MPLS
- MPLS Label Stack and Formats
ADVANCEMENTS IN ETHERNET AND BRIDGING STANDARDS
- Comparison Between Ethernet II and IEEE 802.3 (CSMA/CD) Frame Formats
- Preventing Loops in Ethernet Networks with the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP)
- Bridging Versus Routing
- Layer 2 Switches: Broadcast Domains
- Switch Hierarchy and the Separation of Broadcast Domains
- Introduction to Virtual LANs (VLANS)
- VLAN Standard: 802.1Q
- Relationship Between VLANs and Subnets
- Routing Traffic Between VLANs
- Introduction to Carrier Ethernet
- Carrier Ethernet Basic Reference Model
- Service Frames and Data Service Frames
- IEEE 802.1 Bridging Protocols Compared
- QinQ (Tunnel or VLAN Tag Stacking): 802.1Q
- Ethernet Virtual Connections (EVCs):
- E-Line Service
- E-LAN Service
- E-Tree Service
- External Network-to-Network Interface (ENNI)
- E-Access Services Type
- Carrier Ethernet Supports Any Transport Technology
SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS
- Satellite Orbits Defined
- Overview of Geosynchronous and Geo-Stationary Earth Orbit (GEO/GSO) satellites
- Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GSO) Satellite Applications
- Inmarsat Satellite Communications Service
- Thuraya Satellite Communications Service
- Satellite Communications: Highly Elliptical Orbit (HEO)
- Low Earth Orbit (LEO) Satellite Service: Iridium
- Low Earth Orbit (LEO) Satellite Service: Globalstar
- Aircell gogo Inflight Internet™: Commercial Airliner Broadband Service
INTRO TO BROADBAND ACCESS TECHNOLOGIES
- Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Service: xDSL
- How ADSL Works
- Broadband Cable Modem Service
- PacketCable vs. DOCSIS Standards
- DOCSIS 3.0 Features
- DOCSIS 3.1 (October 2013)
- Passive Optical Networks (PONs) Standards & Multiplexing
- Broadband Passive Optical Network (PON)
- PON Downstream: Broadcast
- PON Upstream: Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA)
- Fiber-To-The-x (FTTx): Variations for Passive Optical Networks (PONs)
- Wave Division Multiplexing PON (WDM PON)
- Television White Spaces (TVWS) Service
- White Space Spectrum
- TV White Space (TVWS) Antennas
- Global Navigation Satellite Systems and Interrelated Systems (GNSS+)
- Position Navigation & Timing (PNT) defined
- Location-Based Services (LBS)
- Three components of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) architecture
- How Geolocation is determined using a GNSS
- Four GNSSs:
- NAVSTAR (GPS)
- Advantages of a multi-GNSS environment
- Satellite-Based Augmentation Systems (SBAS)
Global Communications Training Course: Recap, Q/A, and Evaluation
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