NERC System Operator Certification Training

NERC System Operator Certification Training

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Introduction:

NERC System Operator Certification Training, An Exam Preparation Program

NERC System Operator Certification Training is a NARC-oriented System Operation Certification training preparation training course. System Operator Certification Training discusses operational tasks, reliability of bulk power system during normal and emergency operations. Explore NERC Practice Tests for system operator exam including:

• Transmission Operator
• Balancing & Interchange Operator
• Balancing, Interchange & Transmission Operator
• Reliability Authority Operator

Learn about exam topics:

• Bulk power generation, transmission and distribution principles
• Bulk power system operation
• Reliability of the bulk power systems
• Balancing, Interchange, and Transmission
• Power Generation, Transmission and Interchange
• System Protection and Control

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) is a not-for-profit international regulatory authority whose mission is to assure the reliability and security of the bulk power system in North America.

Duration: 4 days

NERC System Operator Certification Training
 

NERC System Operator Certification TrainingRelated Courses
 

Customize It:

» If you are familiar with some aspects of NERC System Operator Certification Training, we can omit or shorten their discussion.
» We can adjust the emphasis placed on the various topics or build the NERC System Operator Certification Training course around the mix of technologies of interest to you (including technologies other than those included in this outline).
» If your background is nontechnical, we can exclude the more technical topics, include the topics that may be of special interest to you (e.g., as a manager or policy-maker), and present the NERC System Operator Certification Training course in manner understandable to lay audiences.

NERC System Operator Certification Training – Course Syllabus:

NERC Power System Operations Principals

NERC System Operation Process
System Operations 101
Contingency Analysis and Reliability
Reliability Examination
Transmission Examination
Power system Examination
Emergency Preparedness
Emergency Response
Communications and Data
Load-Frequency
Control and Performance
Measures for Emergency Conditions
Policy Statements
System Restoration Plan Objectives
Disturbance Conditions
Generator Frequency Trip Settings
Under frequency Load Shed Trip Settings

Voltage and Reactive Power Control

Reactive power theory
Importance of Reactive Power
Problems of Reactive Power
The aim of power factor correction
Overview on Different Voltage and Reactive Power Control Methods
Distribution System Voltage Control
Volt/var control (VVC)
Transmission System Voltage Control
Primary Control
Automatic voltage regulator (AVR)
Power system stabilizer (PSS)
Secondary Control
Preventive And Emergency State Voltage Control
Elements of the System, that Produces and absorbs Reactive Power Loads

Ways of Improving Voltage Stability And Control

Reactive power compensation
power transfer capability
voltage stability
static var compensator (SVC)
Static Synchronous Compensators (STATCOM),
Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS)
Shunt capacitors
Series capacitors
Shunt reactors
Synchronous condensers
SVC
STATCOM

Reactive Power in Operations

Reactive power Effects
Effects on Loads
The delivery system (transmission lines and transformers)
Power Capacitor Based Compensating Devices

Fundamentals of Power system Angle and Voltage Stability
Generator controls
Frequency regulation
Corrective control versus preventative (N-1) strategies

Maintenance and Backup for Operational Tools

Cultural Needs in an Evolving Electricity Structure and Environment
Actions Operators Can Take
Recommendations
System Monitoring
Roles and Responsibilities

Fault and Protection Basics and Terminology

Protection Review
Types of Faults
Electrical fault
Symmetrical faults
Unsymmetrical faults
Line to ground (L-G), line to line (L-L) and double line to ground (LL-G) faults
Unsymmetrical faults
Unsymmetrical faults
Causes and Mitigation of Electrical Faults
Weather conditions
Equipment failures
Human errors
Smoke of fires
Over current flow
Danger to operating personnel
Loss of equipment
Disturbs interconnected active circuits
Electrical fires

Protection Methods and Techniques

Types of protection
Protecting devices
Fault limiting devices
Fuse
Circuit breaker
Relay
Lighting power protection
Application based three phase fault analysis
Three phase fault analysis
Electrical equipment damage
Time versus current plot
Protection requirements
Protection system elements
Protection Relay and Power Systems Faults
Protective device
High-voltage transmission network
Generator sets
Overload and back-up for distance (overcurrent)
Earth fault (“ground fault” in the United States)
Distance (impedance relay)
Back-up
Low-voltage networks
Disturbance-monitoring equipment
Performance measures
Protection systems components:
Current and voltage transformers
Protective relays
Circuit breakers
Batteries
Communications

System Restoration after Blackout

Restoration Overview
Restoration Techniques
Restoration Planning
Specific System Restoration
Power System Restoration: Methodologies & Implementation Strategies
Techniques used in restoration planning a
Knowledge-based systems as operational aids in restoration
Issues associated with thermal power plants
High and extra-high voltage transmission systems
Restoration of distribution systems

Restoration Process Procedures

System Operator Responsibilities during the Restoration Process
Ascertain System Status
Determine Restoration Process
Disseminate Information
Implement Restoration Procedure
Criteria and Conditions for Reestablishing Interconnections
Returns to Normal Operation
Communications
Communication and Logging Protocols
Evaluate System Status
SCADA and Local Metering
Computer and Operator Aides
Emergency Power for Communications and Related Support Systems
Reserves during Restoration
Synchronous Reserve
Dynamic Reserve
Sample Dynamic Reserve Calculations

Transmission Restoration

Voltage Regulation and Control
Reactive Regulation
Minimum Source Guidelines
Synchronization
Synchronizing Process Phases

Generation Restoration

Generating Stations
Plant Shutdown
Generating Plant Communications
Plant Starting Procedure
Notify Plants
Plant Frequency Control
Units Requiring Cranking Power
Cranking Power Demand
Cranking Power Source and Black Start Paths
Energize Start-up Loads

System Restoration Plan Guidelines

System Restoration Plan Guidelines
Ascertaining System Status
Determining Restoration Process
Disseminating System Status Information
Implementing Restoration Process
Frequency Control
Verify Switching Equipment Constraints
Transmission Owners Interconnect
Guidelines for Area Interconnection and Use of External Power during
System Restoration
Minimum Critical Black Start Requirement
Critical Black Start Criteria
Minimum Critical Black Start Requirement
Restoration Forms
Restoration Drill Guide
Communications, Protocols and Testing
Transmission Owner and Black Start Supporting
Documentation References
Under Frequency Load Shed (UFLS) Tables
Introduction to the Problems of Analysis and Control of Electric Power Systems
Configuration and Working Point
Frequency and Active Power Control
Dynamic Behavior of the Synchronous
Dynamic Behavior of Network Elements and Loads
Voltage and Reactive Power Control
The Synchronous Machine Connected to an Infinite Bus (pages 562–618)
Electromechanical Phenomena in a Multimachine System
Transformation to Symmetrical Components
Elementary Outline of the Automatic Control Theory

Power System Control Center Operations and Management

Power distribution control centers
Roles in managing and operating distribution
Operational Technology point of view
Operational Responsibilities
Control Center Operator Responsibility and Functions
Control center operational hierarchy
Load Forecasting
Peak-Demand Management
Demand Response Program Management
Power Quality Management
Reactive Power Management
Loss Management
Predictive Outage Management
Predictive Maintenance Management
Mobile workforce Management
Dynamic Load Management
Fault Management
Outage Management
Operation Technology (OT) systems
Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA)
Distribution Management System (DMS)
Outage Management System (OMS)
WMS (Work Management System)
EAMS (Enterprise Assets Management System)
GIS (Geographical Information System)
AMI/MDM (Advance Metering Infrastructure/Meter Data Management)
DRPM(Demand response Program Management)
MWFM (Mobile Work Force Management)
CIS (Customer Information System)

Wrap-up
NERC System Operator Certification Training

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