Power Systems Certificate Training

Power Systems Certificate Training

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Introduction:

Power Systems Certificate Training – Hands-on

Power systems certificate Training is designed by highly educated instructors at ENO in order to provide a specialized training in power system area. The certificate consists of four technical power system areas which is designed for engineers and students seeking to improve their power system knowledge and position themselves for their job responsibilities and promotions. Our industry and faculty experts at ENO will help you to understand the fundamental concepts of power system in order to tackle the real-world challenges. The power system certificate training consists of major topics:

• Power systems modeling and analysis
• Power quality and design
• Power systems standards
• Advanced power systems (Micro and Smart grids)
• Power system control ( linear and advanced)

The first part of this power system certificate training is dedicated to power system modeling and analysis which helps the engineers and students to understand the fundamentals of power systems including the main components of the power system and modeling approach for each components. Concepts such as: complex power, three phase balanced and unbalanced power systems, phasor and time domain, and per phase analysis will be introduced in the first part. Moreover, general information about performance of generators, transformers, transmission lines, switchgears, and loads are introduced.

In order to attract the audience’s attention, detailed modeling procedures will be described for the main components of the power systems. Next step is to combine the models in order to shape the power system models as a radial system, loop system or a network. The power system modeling and analysis part will also introduce the power flow analysis (DC and AC power flow) and its solution for the power system models, a detailed review of fault analysis, introduction to symmetrical components and sequence networks. Finally, state estimation in power systems will be introduced for the power system modeling and analysis part of the certificate. At the end of the first part, you will be able to understand the main components of the power system, model the transformers, generators, transmission lines and loads, apply different solutions to power flow analysis, conduct the fault analysis and understand the state estimation in power systems.

In the second part of the power systems certificate training, the audience will be introduced with the concepts of power quality, power system design and grounding, relaying, protection and energy management systems (EMS). Topics such as: grounding system design, grounding standards, power quality and effect of harmonics, voltage sags, voltage stability, reactive power compensation methods, distribution system design, and fault detection are covered in this part. Moreover, in order to improve the audience’s knowledge in power system protection and relaying, our instructors at TONEX will introduce the basic concepts of relaying, different types of relays, fundamentals of protection, and fault monitoring. Finally, the energy management systems will be described in order to prepare the engineers for the third part of the certificate which is the advanced power systems. The audience will learn the modern energy management systems, state estimation review, economic operation of power systems, network security, modern SCADA systems, and the concept of smart grid. By the end of the second part, you will be able to understand the power quality, relaying, protection, stability improvement and energy management systems in power grids.

Third part of the power systems certificate training helps you to understand the modern power system technologies and advancement of power electronic devices in recent power grid. This part will help you to update your knowledge about the recent improvements and advancements in power grids in order to increase the efficiency and reliability. The information from the first two parts of the certificate will be combined with power electronic concepts to shape the general power system including the traditional components as well as advanced renewable energy integration technologies. Topics such as: smart grid concept in distribution networks, efficiency and reliability of smart grids, communication technology, components of micro and smart grids, energy storage solutions, standards in micro grid and smart grid design, demand response, and wide area measurement systems (WAMS) will be included in this part. Furthermore, to improve the audience’s knowledge about micro and smart grid control, another section is designed in the third part to introduce the advanced power electronic devices, control voltage source inverters, concepts of peak shaving, load shedding, and demand response in power electronic convert control and hierarchical control of micro grids. By the end of the advanced power system part, you will be able to understand the modern power system components, communication technologies implemented for micro and smart grids and advanced upper level control approaches for converters in modern power systems.

The last part of power systems certificate training will teach you the elementary control design for power systems and introduces the advanced control approaches in modern power systems. By learning this part, you will be able to understand the history of control in power systems, concept of power system modeling for control design, feedback control in power systems, open and close loop control systems, location of roots and transient response. Furthermore, topics such as: stability of linear feedback power systems, stability analysis with rot locus method, and frequency response in modern power systems are introduced as the main parts of linear control systems in power system studies. To add more in depth knowledge and to update the control theory for modern power systems including the smart and micro grids, advanced control approaches are introduced too. Topics such as: frequency domain analysis in micro grids and smart grids, impedance analysis in renewable energy sources, closed loop frequency response, least square estimations in power flow studies, Kalman filter based estimation in power systems, state space based analysis and control design in modern power systems, and dynamic phasor analysis for balanced and unbalanced power systems are included in the advanced control section of part four.

By the end of the training, the audience not only will have sufficient knowledge about power system modeling, analysis, protection, power quality, but also will learn the fundamentals of micro grids, smart grids and their advanced control approaches. Although the power system certificate will be issued by taking all the four sections, taking one part will also lead to a certificate for the special area that is taken. The detailed outline for each part is included in a separate link below.

Duration: 4 days

Power Systems Certificate Training
 

Power Systems Certificate TrainingRelated Courses
 

Customize It:

» If you are familiar with some aspects of Power Systems Certificate Training, we can omit or shorten their discussion.
» We can adjust the emphasis placed on the various topics or build the Power Systems Certificate Training course around the mix of technologies of interest to you (including technologies other than those included in this outline).
» If your background is nontechnical, we can exclude the more technical topics, include the topics that may be of special interest to you (e.g., as a manager or policy-maker), and present the Power Systems Certificate Training course in manner understandable to lay audiences.

Audience / Target Group:

The target audience for this Power Systems Certificate training Course is defined here:

• All engineers who wants to learn, design, or operate the power systems
• Power traders to understand the power systems.
• Independent system operator personnel.
• Faculty members from academic institutes who want to teach the power system courses.
• Investors and contractors who plan to make investments in power industry.
• Professionals in other energy industries.
• Marketing people who need to know the background of the products they sell.
• Electric utility personnel who recently started career in power systems or having new job responsibilities.
• Technicians, operators, and maintenance personnel who are or will be working at power plants or power system generation companies.
• Managers, accountants, and executives of power system industry.
• Scientist or non-electrical engineers involved in power system related projects or proposals.
• Graduate students seeking a professional career in power systems

Objectives:

Upon completing this Power Systems Certificate training Course, learners will be able to meet these objectives:

• Understand the basic power system components with their functionality
• Design the power system components based on customers demand
• Differentiate the modern power system with advancement of power electronics with traditional power systems
• Model generators, transformers, transmission lines and loads
• Conduct the stability analysis for different components of the power systems
• Design the grounding system in power systems
• Design the distribution systems
• Understand the different types of faults in power systems and fault analysis
• Describe the fundamentals of protection and relaying in power systems
• Understand the modern power system components and smart/micro grids
• Explain the communication technology used in micro/smart grids
• Understand the different control levels in micro/smart grids
• Differentiate the modern and traditional control in power systems
• Explain the advanced control and optimizations implemented in micro/smart grids
• Analyze the stability in modern power systems
• Implement the control/analysis in real world projects

Power Systems Certificate Training – Course Syllabus:

Power Systems Certificate training Part 1: Power System Modeling and Analysis

Basic Concepts
Review of complex numbers.
Complex power.
Conservation of complex power
Balanced three-phase
Unbalanced three phase
Phasor and time domain
Per phase analysis
Per unit normalization
Change of base in per unit systems
Per unit analysis of normal system
Complex power transmission

Main Components of Power Systems

Generators
Transformers
Transmission lines
Substations (switchgears)
–Circuit breakers
–Disconnectors
Loads
Constant: Resistive, Inductive, Capacitive
Dynamic: Power electronic and electric vehicle charging
Induction Machines

Transformer Modeling

Single-phase transformers
Three phase transformers
Different connections for three phase transformers
Equivalent circuit model of transformers
Per-unit calculations in transformers
Auto-transformers

Transmission Line Parameters and Performance

Transmission line parameters
Transmission line modeling
Waves in transmission lines
Simplified transmission line models
Power-handling capability of transmission lines

Power System Models

Radial system
Loop system
Network system

Power Flow Analysis

AC power flow
DC power flow
Solutions for power flow
–Gauss iterations (Gauss-Seidel)
–Newton-Raphson
–Fast decoupled solution

Fault Analysis

Definition of faults
Main causes for faults
Types of faults in transmission lines
Fault event sequence
Fault analysis in simple circuits
RMS fault current calculations
Superposition approach for analysis of fault
Common types of faults
Single line to ground (SLG)
Double line to ground (DLG)
Line to line (LL)
Short circuit ratio (SCR) in power systems
Weak AC power system

Symmetrical Components and Unbalanced Operation

Introduction to symmetrical components
Symmetrical components for fault analysis
Sequence network connections
Positive sequence
Negative Sequence
Zero sequence
Sequence network connections for different fault types
Single-line to ground
Double line to ground
Line to line
Power from sequence variables
Generator model in sequence networks
Transformer model in sequence networks
Transmission line model in sequence networks
Sequence model for the entire system
Z-matrix method in fault analysis
Calculation of Z-matrix

State Estimation

Why state estimation?
What are the variables to be estimated?
Effect of noise on measurements
Objectives of state estimation in power systems
Effect of PMUs in state estimation
Basic procedure to estimate the states
Example with DC power flow
Solutions for state estimation
Weighted least square
Least square with updating weights
Least absolute value (LAV) method
Bad data processing and effect of noise

Contingency Analysis

Application of Thevenin’s theory in short circuit calculations
Passive short circuit analysis
AC short circuit analysis techniques
Short circuit analysis for radial systems
Multiple short circuit sources in interconnected networks
Balanced three phase short circuits
Unbalanced short circuit faults
Three phase analysis and estimation of X/R ratio of fault current
Time domain fault analysis in large scale power systems
AC/DC short circuit current calculations

Power Systems Certificate training Part 2: Power Quality and Design

Fundamentals of Power Quality

Basics of complex power and power flow in power systems
Introduction to power quality
Concept of power quality and definitions
IEEE standards for power quality
Power quality in utility
Power conditioners
Uninterruptable power systems (UPS)
Electrical disturbances effect the power quality
Equipment performance in terms of power quality
Concepts of harmonics
Effect of harmonics on power quality
Monitoring the power quality
Accuracy of monitoring
Impact of static converters on supply networks
Probability curves in power quality monitoring
Monitoring standards
Case studies in power quality
Flicker
Effect of noise on power quality
Effect of voltage changes on power quality
Transients
Voltage sag
Voltage swell
Effect of unbalance on power quality
Distributed generation and power quality
Troubleshooting the power quality problems

Reactive Power Compensation

Characteristics of inductances and capacitances
Reactive power
Reactive power compensator
Power factor correction
Passive filters

Grounding System Design in Power Systems

Principles of design
Purposes of grounding
Standards to be considered in grounding
Resistance and impedance to ground
Typical ground electrode constructions
NEC-Article 250 for grounding design
System models in grounding design
Designing the grounds for lightning
Impedance measurements for grounding
Grounding arrangement for low and high voltage
IEEE design procedures
Integrated ground designs
Testing the grounding design
Substation grounding design
Safety assessment for grounding design
Effect of grounding on power quality

Distribution Grounding Design

Introduction of grounding for distribution systems
Examples of distribution systems
Voltage levels in distribution systems
Distribution system components
Distribution grounding practices
Calculations for grounding resistance
Safety standards
Computer based grounding design
Ground measurements in distribution systems
Transients in distribution systems
Faults in distribution systems
Isolation transformers for distribution systems

Protection and Relaying

Different types of faults in power systems
Fundamentals of protection
Purpose of using relays
Current transformers
Voltage transformers
Earth fault and leakage protection
Differential protection
Generator protection
Transformer protection
Motor protection
Examples of protections
Testing of differential protections
Transformer earth fault protection
Earth fault relay
Generator relay testing
Stability, reclosing and load shedding
Fault monitoring

Energy Management Systems (EMS)

Modern energy management systems
State estimation
Economic operation
Network security
The smart grid
Modern SCADA systems
Distribution management system
Practical overview

Power Systems Certificate training Part 3: Advanced power systems (Micro and Smart Grids)

Introduction to Smart Grids
Definition of smart grids
Environmental issues
Advantages of smart grids
Benefits to customers
Information and communication technologies
Digital sense and control of the grid

Introduction to Micro Grids

Definition of micro grid
Main components of a micro grid
Distributed generation
Electrical vehicles
Car charging stations
Solar panels
Wind farms
Battery energy storages
Grid connected and islanded micro grids
Voltage source converters in micro grids
Efficiency of the micro grid

Challenges Regarding the Smart and Micro Grids

Regulatory changes in smart grids
Utility business models
Effect of loads on smart grids
Cost of generation
Controllability
Interaction between renewable energy sources of a micro grid
Frequency control challenges
Demand response in micro grids

Interconnection of Smart and Micro Grids

Transmission lines
Grid interconnection (grid connected mode)
Protection of transmission line in smart grids
Wide area measurement systems (WAMS)
Communication network in smart grids
Integration of electric vehicle into the grid
Integration of solar and wind farms to the grid
Wireless and wireline communications
Digital sense and control of smart grids

Advance Technologies Offered by Smart Grids

Power saving
Smart meters
Green energy systems
Smart substations
Smart residential networks
Advanced technologies for distribution automation
Advanced metering infrastructure
Could computing and mobile apps
Advanced pricing schemes
Large data analysis

Security in Smart and Micro Grids

Potential threats
Different types of faults
Voltage support
Frequency compensation
Demand response events
Government regulations
System protection
IEC 61850
Cyber security in smart grids
Secured smart grid
Data loss

Advanced Control Architecture in Smart and Micro Grids

Basic control provided by voltage source converters
Pulse Width Modulation (PWM)
Hierarchical control of micro grids
Primary control
Inner current controllers
Voltage controllers
Active and reactive power control
Primary droop controllers
Secondary voltage and frequency controllers
Droop frequency controllers in islanded mode
Tertiary control of micro grids
Optimization and cooperative control in micro grids
Distributed optimization based upper level control
Energy management in battery energy storage systems
Control of solar panels
Maximum power point controller (MPPT)
Proportional resonance controller (PR)
Control of wind farms
Control of battery energy storages
Control of electric vehicles

Power Systems Certificate Training Part 4: Power System Control (linear and advanced control)
Training Outline

Introduction to Power System Control

History of power system control
Control engineering practice
Examples of power system control
Modeling of Power System Control
Differential equations in power systems
Linear approximation of power system equations
The Laplace transform
Block diagram methods
Simulation of power systems

Feedback Control in Power System

Open and close loop control systems
Sensitivity of control systems
Control of transient response
Steady state error
Cost of feedback control
S-plane root location
Transient response in power systems
Performance indices
Simplification of linear models of power systems

Stability of Linear Feedback Power System

Concept of stability in power systems
Routh-Hurwitz stability criterion
Relative stability of feedback control
Root locations in s-plane

Root locus Method in Power System Studies

Root locus concept
Examples of root locus in power system studies
Parameter design by root locus method
Sensitivity analysis

Frequency Response in Modern Power System

Frequency response method
Bode and Nyquist analysis for power system studies
Performance specifications in frequency domain
Frequency domain analysis in Microgrids and Smart Grids
Impedance analysis of renewable energy sources
Stability in frequency domain
Closed loop frequency response
Stability with time delay effect

Time Domain Analysis in Power System

State variables of a dynamic power system
State vector differential equations
Time domain stability
Time response and transition matrix

Least Square Estimation

Problem formulation and examples in power system state estimation
Matrix singular analysis
Non-constraint optimization problem

Kalman Filter Based Estimation

The standard regulator problem
Basics of Kalman filtering
Asymptotic properties
Quadratic weight selection
State estimator design
Applications in power systems
Prony analysis
Kalman filtering toolbox

Frequency Domain based Analysis and Control Design in Power System

Introduction to frequency analysis
Applications in electrical resonances
Torsional resonance analysis
Impedance analysis

State Space based Analysis and Control Design

State space model of a linear system
Application to non-linear systems
Matrix analysis in power systems
Dynamic phasor based analysis
Application of dynamic phasor in unbalanced power systems
Dynamic phasor models of induction machines

Optimization in Power System

Problem formulation
Minimizing the generation cost in power systems
Adding the equality constraints
Inequality constraints
Subgradient based distributed optimization
Multi agent system based optimization
Battery scheduling and dispatch

Wrap-up
Power Systems Certificate training

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